A Saxon capital and replete with a huge number of historical monuments and some fine architecture, Winchester in the valley of the River Itchen in Hampshire, is best known for Winchester Cathedral and the 14th century Winchester College where many leading statesmen have been educated down through the years. The 11th century cathedral is the longest in Europe, and it's also the place of burial for many Anglo-Saxon rulers. In medieval times Winchester was the location for the beginning of the route of pilgrims heading to Canterbury. With a population of over 40,000, Winchester like Salisbury is a popular heritage trail tourist destination. The writer Jane Austen died in Winchester in 1817 and she is buried in the cathedral. Winchester was also where Keats wrote 'St Agnes' eve.'