After being declared its own country within the United Kingdom in 1707, Scotland as we know it today has a population of over five and a half million people. Edinburgh is Scotland's capital and in the 18th century one of the largest cultural powerhouses in Europe. Glasgow is the largest city in the country, with a population of 600,000.
With Scotland being home to Hadrian's Wall and Edinburgh Castle, it became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Romans used Southern Scotland briefly to start their invasion of Britannia.
Scotland has produced a various selection of influential people who have made large contributions in their industries. Actors such as ex James Bond Sean Connery, Tilda Swinton and Richard Madden were all born on the Scottish borders.